This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. From July to August 1863 the Otago gold fields suffered from a combination of floods, snowstorms, and blizzards that caused heavy loss of life among the gold miners. This climate is considered to be Cfb according to the Köppen-Geiger climate … The mountains, however, can be extremely cold. New Zealand Going Green "This is a declaration of science," Ardern told said, adding the move is "an acknowledgement of the next generation… of the burden they will carry if we do not take action now. The limited historical record suggests that from 1450 the population of New Zealand underwent significant cultural change which may have links to climate cooling and dramatic changes in food supplies. As autumn is also the shoulder season, you can enjoy better rates on accommodation and activities. New Zealand has a predominantly oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Keep browsing if you're happy with this. Schools were cancelled during the shortest day (21 June), due to massive damage. The South Island is a bit cooler, with maximum temperatures around 7–12 °C (45–54 °F), though sometimes lower. Of course you can get stuck in a run of bad weather in New Zealand, but the sun will usually be back cheering you up again before too long, whatever the season. We also use cookies to show you the best of New Zealand on other platforms. 2 February 1936: The Cyclone of 1936 was the worst storm of the 20th century in New Zealand. Under new … Generally there are relatively small variations between summer and winter temperatures. The north of New Zealand is subtropical and the south temperate. As with many islands in the world, the influence of the ocean curtails any extremes in coastal temperature. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern's government is to declare a climate emergency in a symbolic step to increase pressure for action to combat global warming. The sunlight here can quickly burn skin from September to April, especially between 10am and 4pm, even on cloudy days. Eastern parts of the South Island are highly susceptible to the norwester, a Fohn wind which can result in temperatures going into the high 30s and even the low 40s. [14] The onset of cooler climate was about 1450 and lasted until 1850. Total damage caused by the storm was estimated at $14 million. Strong winds are a feature of Wellington’s climate. [9], 14–16 February 2004: The Valentine's Day storms left hundreds of people homeless, and silt and floodwaters inundated considerable areas of farmland. [9], 20 December 1976: Heavy rain caused widespread flooding and landslides in Wellington City and Hutt Valley. The mountain ranges running along the spine of the South Island divide the country into diverse climate regions. New Zealand's climate is complex and varies from warm subtropical in the far north to cool temperate climates in the far south, with severe alpine conditions in the mountainous areas. Many rivers breached their banks, bridges were damaged and stock was swept away by floodwaters. Wellington: Joining more than 30 countries, New Zealand on Wednesday took the symbolic step of declaring a climate emergency. New Zealand’s climate varies wildly. Northern cities such as Auckland, Whangarei, and Tauranga experience mean yearly maxima of between 19–20 °C (66–68 °F) and mean yearly minima of around 11–12 °C (52–54 °F). Northern and eastern parts of the country, including Auckland, Christchurch and Wellington see a slight winter maximum consistent with a Mediterranean climate. New Zealand does have a wet season so you’ll want to keep that in mind when traveling. Temperatures also drop about 0.7 °C or 1.3 °F for every 100 m of altitude. New Zealand has a largely temperate climate. Snow typically appears during the months of June through to October, though cold snaps can occur outside these months. In addition to above, we use other cookies and analytics to provide a better site experience. Indications are that temperatures were in the range of 1.5-2.0 degree Celsius lower than present during the New Zealand LIA. A pleasant feature of the New Zealand climate is the high proportion of sunshine during the winter months, although there is a marked increase in cloudiness in the North Island in winter -- but little seasonal change in the South Island, except in Southland. A civil state of emergency was declared in Whanganui, Manawatu and Rangitikei. However, on a per capita basis, New Zealand is a significant emitter – the 21st highest contributor in the world and fifth highest within the OECD. Locals like to joke that you can experience four seasons in one day! November is one of the driest months of the year, so one can count on a pleasant weather in New Zealand throughout November to perfect their stay, at least in most of the localities on the North Island. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. New Zealand is a popular holiday destination despite its remote location. The is a great deal of rainfall in Wellington, even in the driest month. About 500 Lower Hutt residents were evacuated because of floodwaters, and many commuters were unable to enter Wellington. New Zealand Temperatures. Most snow in New Zealand falls in the mountainous areas, like the Central Plateau in the north, and the Southern Alps in the south. There is significant rainfall throughout the year in Auckland. Spring arrives in September and lasts until November. The average New Zealand temperature decreases as you travel south. Landslides destroyed houses and a boy was killed by a collapsing wall when a slip struck a hall in Crofton Downs. Although there is still a high chance of rainfall around this time of year, the weather starts to warm up – it’s the perfect time of year to enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking. In New Zealand, the climate is oceanic, mild in the north and cool in the south, and also windy and rainy, especially in the southern and western regions.The weather is often variable, and there can be sunshine and rain alternating in a few hours, as is typical of oceanic climates. New Zealand’s climate varies wildly. Based on descriptions of the storm, particularly that of Captain Marten of the Waiapu, it may have been an extratropical cyclone. Be 'SunSmart' by using these three simple steps when you go outdoors: New Zealand's average rainfall is high and evenly spread throughout the year. Check out what other travelers say about New Zealand on TripAdvisor. New Zealand climate overview. Cape Campbell Aws is 21 miles from New Zealand, so the actual climate in New Zealand can vary a bit. The humid westerly wind is forced up over the mountains, at cooler elevation water condenses and falls as snow or rain. Hail, Thunderstorms and Tornadoes. 20–21 June 2013 New Zealand storm: This extra-tropical system was first felt in the South Island by heavy snowfall on 18 and 19 June. It has settled some of the debate regarding links between the Little Ice Age (LIA) in the Northern Hemisphere and the climate in New Zealand at the same time. New Zealand Weather & Climate. Summer holidays mean more Kiwis are travelling New Zealand too, making the most of the sunshine and Christmas break. Temperatures are rarely hot or cold enough to make you feel uncomfortable. While the far north has subtropical weather during summer, and inland alpine areas of the South Island can be as cold as -10 C in winter, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures, moderate rainfall, and abundant sunshine. Most of the country has mild temperatures with high rainfall. Reapply every two hours. Weather conditions in New Zealand can change quickly - no matter when you visit, you should be prepared for anything! New Zealand has become the first country in the world to make climate risk reporting mandatory for banks, asset managers and insurers. Its main attraction is the natural beauty of its landscape, which ranges from precipitous fjords and snow-capped mountains in the South Island, to pristine white sand beaches and volcanoes in the North Island. [18], New Zealand's greenhouse gas emissions are on the increase rather than declining. From about 1350 this region was notably warmer but then cooled relatively quickly from 1450. New Zealand has a largely temperate climate. However, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures year-round. About 40 lives were known lost and at the time an estimated £500,000 to £1 million worth of damage was caused. Summer is the most popular time to visit New Zealand. Winter in New Zealand is the best time to visit if you’re enthusiastic about snow sports. New Zealand also has a reverse seasonal calendar due to its position in the southern hemisphere, so its four seasons run fairly parallel to those in Australia. The exception to this is inland areas and to the east of the ranges with daily variations that can be over 25 °C and differences of up to 14 °C between the average summer and winter high temperatures. New Zealand has a largely temperate climate. 4 October 1997: More than 60 homes were flooded and residents in Lower Hutt riverside areas were evacuated during downpours. Even the driest month still has a lot of rainfall. The Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited (MetService), established as a state-owned enterprise in 1992, issues weather forecasts and official weather warnings. [2] Rainfall is normally distributed evenly throughout the year in most parts of the country, especially in the South Island. If you want to ski or snowboard your way down the slopes of the Southern Alps, the best month to visit New Zealand is either July or August. Weather in September using Weatherbase's weather averages and normals. There were 6 further unconfirmed reports of drowning, bringing the total loss of life directly related to the storm event to between 25 and 31. Cyclone Bola was one of the costliest cyclones in the history of New Zealand, causing severe damage as an extratropical cyclone when it passed near the country. The country’s prime minister Jacinda Ardern will introduce the motion in the parliament next week and if passed the move will be a symbolic announcement about the government’s commitment towards doing more for the climate and bringing climate change to the … Maxima are generally 10–15 °C (50–59 °F) in the North Island, decreasing as one goes further south or inland. [9], 25 July and 14 August 2011 New Zealand snowstorms: The first severe winter storm brought the coldest winter snap in fifteen years. The main contributing factors are the Pacific Ocean and latitude, although the mountain ranges can cause significant climate variations in locations barely tens of kilometres from each other. It is extremely rare at sea level in the North Island. The event produced galeforce southerlies, with gusts of 230 km/h in the Tararua Range, and swells of 11m in Cook Strait. This is due not only to the latitude of the country but to the fact that most of New Zealand's landmass is relatively close to the sea. Auckland climate summary The Auckland lies on 54m above sea level The climate in Auckland is warm and temperate. The dominant temperature influence here was the relative warmth of the sea to the south of New Zealand during the Medieval Warm Period (MWP). Wellington is located on the south coast of New Zealand’s North Island and enjoys a temperate climate, with an all-year-round absence of temperature extremes. Find out what to expect from the weather during your visit. Winter temperatures are much milder in New Zealand compared to other areas of similar latitude, with the exception of the Central Otago and Mackenzie Basin regions mentioned above. September - November Average daytime temperature: 16 - 19˚C (61 - 66˚F), December - February Average daytime temperature: 20 - 25˚C (68 - 77˚F), March - May Average daytime temperature: 17 - 21˚C (62 - 70˚F), June - August Average daytime temperature: 12 - 16˚C (53 - 61˚F). The two largest cities on the South Island, Christchurch and Dunedin, have mean yearly maxima of 17.3 °C (63.1 °F) and 14.6 °C (58.3 °F) and yearly mean minima of 7.3 °C (45.1 °F) and 7.6 °C (45.7 °F) respectively. However, most of the country lies close to the coast, which means mild temperatures year-round. Spring in New Zealand spans September, October and November. [8], 10 April 1968: Cyclone Giselle caused peak gusts of 145 knots (270 km/h) near Wellington, after colliding with an Antarctic storm moving north. Similar storms, some with hail and surface flooding also happened in Whanganui, Manawatu, the central and eastern North Island, Buller and Nelson. Spring weather in New Zealand. Because New Zealand lies in the Southern Hemisphere, the average temperature decreases as you travel south. Rangiora in Canterbury holds the record maximum of 42.4 °C recorded in 1973, with Christchurch recording 41.6 °C in that same year. With a light dusting of snow, Queenstown and the Central Plateau are transformed into winter wonderlands. More recently, Timaru reached 41.3 °C on Waitangi Day in 2011. Scientific study of early New Zealand climate is quite recent and ongoing. Since 2000 various scientific investigations looked at the behaviour of glaciers in relation to climate and found they were excellent indicators of temperatures, especially in summer. The average recurrence interval of this rainfall event was estimated at more than 100 years. You can check on New Zealand weather conditions on the Met Service website(opens in new window). How much rain a place receives is highly dependent on topography. Expect a mixture of weather – crisp, sunny days can briskly change to cooler temperatures with spring showers. Weather in New Zealand can be unpredictable. 6–10 March 1988: New Zealand is hit by a tropical cyclone once every eight to nine years. New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern moves a motion in the Parliament House in Wellington, New Zealand, to declare a climate emergency, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. While the coastal areas of the North Island may experience some frost overnight in winter, it very rarely snows there. Mean annual temperatures range from 10 °C (50 °F) in the south to 16 °C (61 °F) in the north. To view cookie details and how to opt-out, please see our Cookie Policy. Similar Latitude Cities. [14], Evidence found that the climate was more strongly influenced by the impact of tropical air masses in warm periods and polar air masses in cool periods. Use SPF 30+ sunscreen. New Zealand's prime minister Jacinda Ardern has called climate crisis “one of the greatest challenges of our time" as she declared a climate emergency on Wednesday, joining 32 nations including Canada, France and Britain, in laying out long-term plans to reduce emissions. New Zealand's Climate. [16][17] In 2014, New Zealand contributed 0.17% to the world's total greenhouse gas emissions. We use cookies to provide you with a better experience on this site. The sunniest areas, Bay of Plenty, Hawke's Bay and Nelson/Marlborough, receive over 2,350 hours of sunshine. Over December, January and February, the number of visitors increases, as people arrive from overseas to travel while the weather is warm. The climate and weather in New Zealand is mild year round compared to many parts of the world. [6], July 1863 The blizzard and flood of 1863 was a series of consecutive natural disasters in Central Otago in New Zealand's South Island. The majority of the country is on the coastline and has lots of sunshine. New Zealand joins 32 other countries including Japan, Canada, France and Britain that have declared a climate emergency. The warmest months are December, … Most regions of New Zealand belong to the temperate zone with a maritime climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) characterised by four distinct seasons. Giselle led to the sinking of the interisland ferry TEV Wahine, and the loss of 53 lives. The loss of life tend to greatly overstate the numbers who died. [ 7 ] worth damage! 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